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  • 26/02/2021

Test method

Find everything you need for Standard methods eg ASTM IP FIA

API Apparatus
API Apparatus
Apparatus suitable for ASTM E100 API analysis,
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Other Methods/Standard Procedures
Other Methods/Standard Procedures
Find chemicals and equipment for other procedures including DEF-STAN
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ASTM D86
ASTM D86
Standard test method for distillation of petroleum products at atmospheric pressure.

Method detail
This test method covers the atmospheric distillation of petroleum products using a laboratory batch distillation unit to determine quantitatively the boiling range characteristics of such...
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ASTM D92
ASTM D92
Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester by ASTM
This test method describes the determination of the flash point and fire point of petroleum products by a manual Cleveland open cup apparatus or an automated Cleveland open cup apparatus.

Method similar or...
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ASTM D93
ASTM D93
Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester.
These test methods cover the determination of the flash point of petroleum products in the temperature range from 40 to 370C by a manual Pensky-Martens closed-cup apparatus or an automated Pensky-Martens closed-cup...
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ASTM D97
ASTM D97
This test method covers and is intended for use on any petroleum product. A procedure suitable for black specimens, cylinder stock, and nondistillate fuel oil.The cloud point procedure formerly part of this test method now appears as Test Method D2500.
The pour point of a petroleum specimen is an...
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ASTM D130
ASTM D130
Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
This test method covers the determination of the corrosiveness to copper of aviation gasoline, aviation turbine fuel, automotive gasoline, cleaners (Stoddard) solvent, kerosine, diesel fuel, distillate...
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ASTM D156
ASTM D156
Standard Test Method for Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Chromometer Method).
This test method covers the determination of the color of refined oils such as undyed motor and aviation gasoline, jet propulsion fuels, naphthas and kerosine, and, in addition, petroleum waxes and...
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ASTM D189
ASTM D189
Standard Test Method for Conradson Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products.
This test method covers the determination of the amount of carbon residue (Note 1) left after evaporation and pyrolysis of an oil, and is intended to provide some indication of relative coke-forming propensities. This test...
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ASTM D381
ASTM D381
Standard Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation.

This test method covers the determination of the existent gum content of aviation fuels, and the gum content of motor gasolines or other volatile distillates in their finished form, (including those containing alcohol and ether...
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ASTM D445
ASTM D445
Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity).
This test method specifies a procedure for the determination of the kinematic viscosity, ν, of liquid petroleum products, both transparent and opaque, by measuring the time...
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ASTM D473
ASTM D473
Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oils and Fuel Oils by the Extraction Method
This test method covers the determination of sediment in crude oils and fuel oils by extraction with toluene. The precision applies to a range of sediment levels from 0.01 to 0.40 % mass, although higher levels...
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ASTM D482
ASTM D482
Standard test method for Ash from Petroleum Products.
This test method covers the determination of ash in the range 0.0010.180 mass %, from distillate and residual fuels, gas turbine fuels, crude oils, lubricating oils, waxes, and other petroleum products, in which any ash-forming materials...
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ASTM D525
ASTM D525
Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Gasoline (Induction Period Method).
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the stability of gasoline in finished form only, under accelerated oxidation conditions. (WarningThis test method is not intended for determining the stability of...
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ASTM D611
ASTM D611
Standard test methods for aniline point and mixed aniline point of petroleum products and hydrocarbon solvents.
The aniline point (or mixed aniline point) is useful as an aid in the characterization of pure hydrocarbons and in the analysis of hydrocarbon mixtures. Aromatic hydrocarbons exhibit...
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ASTM D613
ASTM D613
Standard Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the rating of diesel fuel oil in terms of an arbitrary scale of cetane numbers using a standard single cylinder, four-stroke cycle, variable compression ratio, indirect injected diesel...
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ASTM D664
ASTM D664
Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration
This test method covers procedures for the determination of acidic constituents in petroleum products, lubricants, biodiesel and blends of biodiesel.

Test Method AFor petroleum products and lubricants soluble...
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ASTM D974
ASTM D974
Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of acidic or basic constituents (Note 1) in petroleum products2 and lubricants soluble or nearly soluble in mixtures of toluene and isopropyl alcohol. It is applicable for the...
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ASTM D1094
ASTM D1094
Standard Test Method for Water Reaction of Aviation Fuels.
This test method covers the determination of the presence of water-miscible components in aviation gasoline and turbine fuels, and the effect of these components on volume change and on the fuel-water interface.

All information...
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ASTM D1159
ASTM D1159
Standard test method for Bromine numbers of Petroleum Distillates and commercial aliphatic olefins by electrometric titration.

This test method covers the determination of the bromine number of the following materials:
Petroleum distillates that are substantially free of material lighter than...
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ASTM D1160
ASTM D1160
Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure.
This test method covers the determination, at reduced pressures, of the range of boiling points for petroleum products and biodiesel that can be partially or completely vaporized at a maximum liquid temperature of...
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ASTM D1298
ASTM D1298
Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method.
This test method covers the laboratory determination using a glass hydrometer in conjunction with a series of calculations, of the density, relative density, or...
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ASTM D1318
ASTM D1318
Standard Test Method for Sodium in Residual Fuel Oil (Flame Photometric Method)
Excessive amounts of sodium can indicate the presence of materials that cause high wear of burner pumps and valves, and contribute to deposits of boiler heating surfaces.
This test method covers the determination of...
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ASTM D1319
ASTM D1319
Standard test method for hydrocarbon types in liquid petroleum products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption.
The determination of the total volume % of saturates, olefins, and aromatics in petroleum fractions is important in characterizing the quality of petroleum fractions as gasoline...
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ASTM D1322
ASTM D1322
Standard Test Method for Smoke Point of Kerosine and Aviation Turbine Fuel.
This test method covers a procedure for determination of the smoke point of kerosene and aviation turbine fuel.

All information copyright ASTM.
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ASTM D1401
ASTM D1401
Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids.
This test method covers measurement of the ability of petroleum oils or synthetic fluids to separate from water.

Note 1Although developed specifically for steam-turbine oils having viscosities of 28.8-90 cSt...
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ASTM D1500
ASTM D1500
Standard Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale).
This test method covers the visual determination of the color of a wide variety of petroleum products, such as lubricating oils, heating oils, diesel fuel oils, and petroleum waxes.
Note 1Test Method D 156 is applicable...
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ASTM D1796
ASTM D1796
Standard test method for water and sediment in fuel oils by the centrifuge method (laboratory procedure).
This test method covers the laboratory test for determination of water and sediment in fuel oils by using the centrifuge method in the range from 0 to 30% volume.

All details copyright...
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ASTM D1840
ASTM D1840
Standard Test Method for Naphthalene Hydrocarbons in Aviation Turbine Fuels by Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry.
This test method covers the determination, by ultraviolet spectrophotometry, of the total concentration of naphthalene, acenaphthene, and alkylated derivatives of these hydrocarbons in jet...
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ASTM D2068
ASTM D2068
Standard Test Method for Determining Filter Blocking Tendency.
This test method covers three procedures for the determination of the filter blocking tendency (FBT) and filterability of middle distillate fuel oils and liquid fuels such as biodiesel and biodiesel blends. The 3 procedures and...
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ASTM D2274
ASTM D2274
Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Distillate Fuel Oil (Accelerated Method).
This test method covers the measurement of the inherent stability of middle distillate petroleum fuels under specified oxidizing conditions at 95 C.

All information copyright ASTM.
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ASTM D2386
ASTM D2386
Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels.
This test method covers the determination of the temperature below which solid hydrocarbon crystals may form in aviation turbine fuels and aviation gasoline. Note 1The interlaboratory program that generated the precisions for this test...
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ASTM D2500
ASTM D2500
Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products.
This test method covers only petroleum products and biodiesel fuels that are transparent in layers 40 mm in thickness, and with a cloud point below 49C.

All information copyright ASTM.
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ASTM D2624
ASTM D2624
Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity of Aviation and Distillate Fuels.
These test methods cover the determination of the electrical conductivity of aviation and distillate fuels with and without a static dissipator additive. The test methods normally give a measurement of the...
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ASTM D2699
ASTM D2699
Standard Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel.

1.1 This laboratory test method covers the quantitative determination of the knock rating of liquid spark-ignition engine fuel in terms of Research O.N., including fuels that contain up to 25 % v/v of ethanol....
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ASTM D2709
ASTM D2709
Standard test method for water and sediment in middle distillate fuels centrifuge.

This test method is used as an indication of water and sediment in middle distillate fuels such as Grade Nos. 1 and 2 fuel oil (Specification D396), Nos. 1-D and 2-D diesel fuel (Specification D975), and Nos....
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ASTM D3227
ASTM D3227
Standard Test Method for (Thiol Mercaptan) Sulfur in Gasoline, Kerosine, Aviation Turbine, and Distillate Fuels (Potentiometric Method).
This test method covers the determination of mercaptan sulfur in gasolines, kerosines, aviation turbine fuels, and distillate fuels containing from 0.0003 to...
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ASTM D3230
ASTM D3230
Standard Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric Method).
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the approximate chloride (salts) concentration in crude oil. The range of concentration covered is 0 to 500 mg/kg or 0 to 150 lb/1000 bbl as chloride concentration/volume of crude...
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ASTM D3237
ASTM D3237
Standard Test Method for Lead in Gasoline by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy.
This test method covers the determination of the total lead content of gasoline within the concentration range of 0.010 to 0.10 g of lead/U.S. gal (2.5 to 25 mg/L). This test method compensates for variations in gasoline...
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ASTM D3241
ASTM D3241
Standard Test Method for Thermal Oxidation Stability of Aviation Turbine Fuels.
This test method covers the procedure for rating the tendencies of gas turbine fuels to deposit decomposition products within the fuel system.
The differential pressure values in mm Hg are defined only in terms of...
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ASTM D3242
ASTM D3242
Standard Test Method for Acidity in Aviation Turbine Fuel.
Some acids can be present in aviation turbine fuels due either to the acid treatment during the refining process or to naturally occurring organic acids. Significant acid contamination is not likely to be present because of the many check...
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ASTM D3338
ASTM D3338
Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuelsş
1.1 This test method covers the estimation of the net heat of combustion (megajoules per kilogram or Btu per pound) of aviation gasolines and aircraft turbine and jet engine fuels.
1.2 This test method is purely...
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ASTM D3606
ASTM D3606
Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Toluene in Finished Motor and Aviation Gasoline by Gas Chromatography.

1.1 This test method covers the determination of benzene and toluene in finished motor and aviation gasolines by gas chromatography.

1.2 Benzene can be determined...
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ASTM D3948
ASTM D3948
Standard Test Method for Determining Water Separation Characteristics of Aviation Turbine Fuels by Portable Separometer.
This test method covers a rapid portable means for field and laboratory use to rate the ability of aviation turbine fuels to release entrained or emulsified water when passed...
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ASTM D4006
ASTM D4006
Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation.
This test method covers the determination of water in crude oil by distillation.

A knowledge of the water content of crude oil is important in the refining, purchase, sale, or transfer of crude oils.

All information copyright ASTM.
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ASTM D4007
ASTM D4007
Standard test method for water and sediment in crude oil by the centrifuge method (laboratory procedure).
This test method describes the laboratory determination of water and sediment in crude oils by means of the centrifuge procedure. This centrifuge method for determining water and sediment in...
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ASTM D4052
ASTM D4052
Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter.
This test method covers the determination of the density or relative density of petroleum distillates and viscous oils that can be handled in a normal fashion as liquids at test temperatures between 15 and...
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ASTM D4176
ASTM D4176
Standard test methods for free water and particulate contamination in distillate fuels (visual inspection procedures)
This test method covers two procedures for estimating the presence of suspended free water and solid particulate contamination in distillate fuels having distillation end points...
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ASTM D4294
ASTM D4294
Standard test method for Sulphur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry.
This test method covers the determination of total sulfur in petroleum and petroleum products that are single-phase and either liquid at ambient conditions, liquefiable with...
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ASTM D4377
ASTM D4377
Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration.
This test method covers the determination of water in the range from 0.02 to 2 % in crude oils. Mercaptan and sulfide (S− or H2S) sulfur are known to interfere with this test method.
A knowledge of the...
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ASTM D4530
ASTM D4530
Standard test method for determination of Carbon residue (Micro Method).
The carbon residue value of the various petroleum materials serves as an approximation of the tendency of the material to form carbonaceous type deposits under degradation conditions similar to those used in the test method,...
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ASTM D4740
ASTM D4740
Standard Test Method for Cleanliness and Compatibility of Residual Fuels by Spot Test.
This test method describes separate procedures for determining the cleanliness of residual fuel oil and the compatibility of a residual fuel oil with a blend stock. It is applicable to residual fuel oils with...
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ASTM D4807
ASTM D4807
Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oil by Membrane Filtration.
This test method covers the determination of sediment in crude oils by membrane filtration. This test method has been validated for crude oils with sediments up to approximately 0.15 mass %.

All information copyright ASTM.
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ASTM D4809
ASTM D4809
Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter (Precision Method).

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the heat of combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. It is designed specifically for use with aviation turbine fuels when the permissible...
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ASTM D4815
ASTM D4815
Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography.

This test method covers the determination of ethers and alcohols in gasolines by gas chromatography. Specific compounds determined are methyl...
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ASTM D4868
ASTM D4868
Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net and Gross Heat of Combustion of Burner and Diesel Fuels.
1.1 This test method covers the estimation of the gross and net heat of combustion in SI units, megajoules per kilogram, of petroleum fuels from the fuel density, sulfur, water, and ash...
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ASTM D4928
ASTM D4928
Standard Test Methods for Water in Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration.
This test method covers the determination of water in the range from 0.02 to 5 mass or volume % in crude oils. Mercaptan (RSH) and sulfide (S- or H2S) as sulfur are known to interfere with this test method, but at...
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ASTM D4952
ASTM D4952
Standard Test Method for Qualitative Analysis for Active Sulfur Species in Fuels and Solvents (Doctor Test).

This test method covers and is intended primarily for the detection of mercaptans in motor fuel, kerosine, and similar petroleum products. This method may also provide information on...
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ASTM D4953
ASTM D4953
Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends (Dry Method).

This test method covers and is applicable to gasolines and gasoline-oxygenate blends with a vapor pressure range from 35 to 100 kPa (5 to 15 psi) (see Note 2). This test method, a modification of Test...
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ASTM D5001
ASTM D5001
Standard Test Method for Measurement of Lubricity of Aviation Turbine Fuels by the Ball-on-Cylinder Lubricity Evaluator (BOCLE).
This test method covers assessment of the wear aspects of the boundary lubrication properties of aviation turbine fuels on rubbing steel surfaces.
This test method...
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ASTM D5002
ASTM D5002
Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter.
This test method covers the determination of the density or relative density of petroleum distillates and viscous oils that can be handled in a normal fashion as liquids at test temperatures between 15 and...
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ASTM D5134
ASTM D5134
Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography.
This detailed hydrocarbon analysis (DHA) test method covers the determination of hydrocarbon components paraffins, naphthenes, and monoaromatics (PNA) of petroleum naphthas....
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ASTM D5186
ASTM D5186
Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Content and Polynuclear Aromatic Content of Diesel Fuels and Aviation Turbine Fuels by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography.

This test method covers the determination of the total amounts of monoaromatic and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon...
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ASTM D5191
ASTM D5191
Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method).
This test method covers the use of automated vapor pressure instruments to determine the total vapor pressure exerted in vacuum by air-containing, volatile, liquid petroleum products, including automotive spark-ignition...
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ASTM D5452
ASTM D5452
Standard Test Method for Particulate Contamination in Aviation Fuels by Laboratory Filtration.
1.1 This test method covers the gravimetric determination by filtration of particulate contaminant in a sample of aviation turbine fuel delivered to a laboratory.

1.1.1 The sample is filtered through...
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ASTM D5453
ASTM D5453
Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Motor Fuels and Oils by Ultraviolet Fluorescence.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of total sulfur in liquid hydrocarbons, boiling in the range from approximately 25 to 400oC, with viscosities between...
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ASTM D5580
ASTM D5580
Standard test method for determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and total aromatics in finished gasoline by gas chromatography.

This test method can be used for gasolines that contain oxygenates (alcohols and ethers) as additives....
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ASTM D5762
ASTM D5762
Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence.
This test method covers the determination of nitrogen in liquid hydrocarbons, including petroleum process streams and lubricating oils in the concentration range from 40 to 10 000 μg/g...
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ASTM D5853
ASTM D5853
Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Crude Oils.
1.1 This test method covers two procedures for the determination of the pour point temperatures of crude oils down to −36C. Procedure A provides a measure of the maximum (upper) pour point temperature. Procedure B provides a measure of the...
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ASTM D5863
ASTM D5863
Standard Test Methods for Determination of Nickel, Vanadium, Iron, and Sodium in Crude Oils and Residual Fuels by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry.

1.1 These test methods cover the determination of nickel, vanadium, iron, and sodium in crude oils and residual fuels by flame atomic absorption...
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ASTM D5907
ASTM D5907
Solids, both as filterable matter (TDS) and nonfilterable matter (TSS), are important in the treating of raw water and wastewater, and in monitoring of streams.
Waste solids impose a suspended and settleable residue in receiving waters. Suspended and soluble materials provide a matrix for some...
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ASTM D6371
ASTM D6371
Standard Test Method for Cold Filter Plugging Point of Diesel and Heating Fuels.
This test method covers the determination of the cold filter plugging point (CFPP) temperature of diesel and domestic heating fuels using either manual or automated apparatus.
Note: This test method is technically...
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ASTM D6377
ASTM D6377
Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx (Expansion Method).
This test method covers the use of automated vapor pressure instruments to determine the vapor pressure exerted in vacuum of crude oils. This test method is suitable for testing samples that...
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ASTM D6560
ASTM D6560
Standard test method for determination of asphaltenes (heptane insolubles) in crude petroleum and petroleum products.

Method detail.
Asphaltenes are the organic molecules of highest molecular mass and carbon-hydrogen ratio normally occurring in crude petroleum and petroleum products containing...
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FIA Standard FT3-1999, FT3.5-1999 and FT5-1999
FIA Standard FT3-1999, FT3.5-1999 and FT5-1999
Safety fuel bladders:
This standard sets out the test methods, performance requirements and the design parameters for fuel bladders to be used in motor racing.
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IP 34
IP 34
Determination of flash point - Pensky-Martens closed cup method.
This International Standard describes two procedures, A and B, using the Pensky-Martens closed cup tester, for determining the flash point of combustible liquids, liquids with suspended solids, liquids that tend to form a surface...
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IP 36
IP 36
Determination of flash and fire points - Cleveland open cup method
This International Standard specifies a procedure for the determination of flash and fire points of petroleum products using the Cleveland open cup apparatus. It is applicable to petroleum products having an open cup flash point...
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IP 143
IP 143
Determination of asphaltenes (heptane insolubles) in crude petroleum and petroleum products.
This standard specifies a procedure for the determination of the heptane insoluble asphaltene content of gas oil, diesel fuel, residual fuel oils, lubricating oil, bitumen and crude petroleum which has...
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IP 154
IP 154
Petroleum products - Corrosiveness to copper - Copper strip test
This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of the corrosiveness to copper of liquid petroleum products and certain solvents. Volatile products, having a maximum vapour pressure of 124 kPa at 37,8 C are...
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IP 170
IP 170
Determination of flash point - Abel closed-cup method.
This International Standard specifies a method for the determination of the closed-cup flash point of combustible liquids having flash points between

-30,0 C and 70,0 C, inclusive. However, the precision given for this method is only...
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IP 224
IP 224
Determination of low lead content of light petroleum distillates by dithizone extraction and calorimetric determination.
This standard specifies a procedure for the determination of trace quantities of lead in light petroleum distillates at levels of between 0,003 mg/l and 25 mg/l by extraction...
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IP 375 / ISO 10307
IP 375 / ISO 10307
Petroleum products - Total sediment in residual fuel oils - Part 1: Determination by hot filtration.
This part of ISO 10307 specifies a method for the determination of total sediment in residual fuel oils having a maximum viscosity of 55 mm2/s at 100 C, and for blends of distillate fuels...
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IP 390  / ISO 10307
IP 390 / ISO 10307
Petroleum products - Total sediment in residual fuel oils - Part 2: Determination using standard procedures for ageing.
his part of ISO 10307 specifies two procedures A (thermal) and B (chemical) for the accelerated ageing of residual fuel oils. When combined with the hot filtration method...
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IP 391
IP 391
Petroleum products - Determination of aromatic hydrocarbon types in middle distillates - High performance liquid chromatography method with refractive index detection.

Method detail.
This European Standard specifies a test method for the determination of the content of mono-aromatic,di-aromatic...
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IP 440
IP 440
Liquid petroleum products - Determination of contamination in middle distillates.

Method detail.
This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the content of undissolved substances, referred to as total contamination, in middle distillates, in diesel fuels containing up to...
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